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Multiscale Advanced  Materials Design Lab

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Concrete can absorb or store carbon dioxide via 'carbonation,' which is a spontaneous reaction between the alkali metals in a cementitous material system and carbon dioxide. The reaction forms calcium carbonates, a thermodynamically stable form of carbon dioxide. This reduces the concrete's overall carbon footprint. In our research, we are trying to determine CCUS strategies and the potential CO2 binding capacity of different cementitous materials.

Additive manufacturing, commonly known as 3D printing, involves rapidly assembling materials by printing a series of single filament stacks to prototype 3D models. 3D printing concrete has gained popularity in the construction industry, making the construction process faster, cheaper, and more sustainable. Concrete mix design for 3D printing is critical. It must be designed with strict criteria to move smoothly through the print system and be stiff enough to maintain its shape while holding the weight of previous layers after extrusion. The research aims to determine and optimize the mixture proportions with sustainable construction materials by evaluating rheology, microstructure, mechanical properties, and durability under multiple environmental conditions.

Concrete is not as environmentally friendly as its main constituents; cement, water, and aggregates are limited nonrenewable natural resources. The concrete industry emits a tremendous amount of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere from the de-carbonation of calcareous raw materials during cement manufacture, as well as the use of carbon-based coal and fossil fuel energy sources during the material mining, crushing, and transportation phases. Our research goals are finding environmentally friendly alternative materials which can partially or replace one or more constituents of concrete without compromising its desired functionality.



Our lab's area of expertise is the multi-scale chemo-mechanical characterization of advanced materials in civil engineering. Dr. Kim's research involves designing and developing new construction materials based on advanced multi-scale computational modeling and experimental characterization, improving the sustainability and resilience of civil infrastructure using digital fabrication, including large-scale printing in developing and applying new construction.



11/21/22 - Prof. Kim presents at the 2022 Future-Shaping ACE Congress, Korea University "Multi-scale characterization of advanced materials in civil engineering and convergence technologies"

10/27/22 - Dr. Kim gave a lecture at the Material Science and Engineering department  "3D Printing and the Environment (MSE 220)"

10/15/22 - [outreach] Women in Science and Engineering (WISE) program mentorship 2022-2023.

10/13/22 - The Leighty Foundation donated the solar-H2 demonstrator to M2D LAB.

8/16/22 - Welcome on board!


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To apply for a position with M2D Lab, please send a cover letter together with your C.V. (and any other pertinent materials) to Dr. Kim directly at with the subject line “Ph.D.Position_FirstName_LastName”.


1209 E 2nd St. Tucson, AZ, 85718

Department of Civil and Architectural Engineering and Mechanics

University of Arizona

Tel: 520-621-9999

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